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20170315 Job 1:6
Job 1:5 And it was so, when the days of their feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt offerings according to the number of them all: for Job said, It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts. Thus did Job continually.
Satan Allowed to Test Job
Job 1:6 Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them.
Job 1:7 And the LORD said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.
Job 1:8 And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil?
THAT CONVERSATION BETWEEN GOD AND SATAN
Now it came to pass on the day when the sons of God came to present themselves before Jehovah, that Satan also came among them. And Jehovah said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? Then Satan answered Jehovah, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it. And Jehovah said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job? for there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and turneth away from evil. Then Satan answered Jehovah, and said, Doth Job fear God for nought? Hast not thou made a hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he hath, on every side? thou hast blessed the work of his hands, and his substance is increased in the land. But put forth thy hand now, and touch all that he hath, and he will renounce thee to thy face. And Jehovah said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy power; only upon himself put not forth thy hand. So Satan went forth from the presence of Jehovah.
See our chapter introduction for the location of this scene, not in heaven, but upon earth when God’s people were assembled for worship.
Jehovah. Jehovah … Jehovah … Jehovah … Jehovah … Jehovah … Jehovah
(Job 1:6-12). Seven times in six verses, the covenant name of God appears in this passage, thundering the message that the sons of God here are those in covenant relationship with the Eternal. Note that [~’Elohiym] (God) is used twice in the preceding paragraph. Are the holy angels within any such covenant relationship? Absolutely, NO! How blind the critics are to this passage! Dummelow noted that the use of the Tetragrammaton here is thought by some, To be a slip on the part of the author! F6 How could anybody make a slip seven times in six verses? Our own opinion is that we have proof here, as Dummelow wrote, that, The Tetragrammaton (Jehovah) may have been much older than Moses. F7 This writer fully believes that the name Jehovah is indeed much older than Moses. (See my excursus on the Tetragrammaton (Y-H-W-H), beginning on p. 32 of my commentary on Exodus.)
“Satan here has ready access to heaven.” F8 See chapter introduction for many reasons why such a comment is erroneous.
“The sons of God … are divine beings who shared in the nature of divinity.” F9 Rowley enunciated the same error, “Sons of God means superhuman, or celestial beings.” F10 “To interpret these words thus is to suppose that the very same words in Gen 6:1-3 teach that angels intermarried with men producing a race of giants, despite the fact that the Christ himself declared that angels “Neither marry nor are given in marriage” (Mat 22:30). The true meaning of Sons of God is found in Rom 8:14. How are they sons of God? “They are born of God, born of water and the Spirit”. In short, they are followers and worshippers of God; and so were those mentioned in Gen 6:1-3, and in this passage before us. To suppose that the Holy Spirit in this passage was speaking of angels is ridiculous. Did He not know the word angels? If that is what he meant, why did not the Holy Spirit write angels? This student of God’s Word has had his fill, and more, of the speculations of commentators who presume to tell us what the Holy Spirit meant, instead of what he said.
Rawlinson, usually quite accurate, misses it here, stating that, “Job 1:7 teaches that Satan, therefore, is not, like most of his fallen angels, “reserved in chains under darkness to the judgment of the last day (Jud 1:6).” F11 However, this very passage teaches that Satan is chained. (See more on the chaining of Satan under Job 1:12). He could not even touch Job, without God’s permission; and, even after the Lord gave him permission to destroy Job’s possessions, he was not allowed to touch the person of Job (Job 1:12).
There was a day when the sons of God – All the versions, and indeed all the critics, are puzzled with the phrase sons of God; בני האלהים beney haelohim, literally, sons of the God, or sons of the gods. The Vulgate has simply filii dei, sons of God. The Septuagint, οἱ αγγελοι του θεου, the angels of God. The Chaldee, כתי מלאכיא kittey malachaiya, troops of angels. The Syriac retains the Hebrew words and letters, only leaving out the demonstrative ה he in the word האלהים haelohim, thus, (Syriac) baney Elohim.
sons of God — angels (Job 38:7; 1Ki 22:19). They present themselves to render account of their “ministry” in other parts of the universe (Heb 1:14).